Definition of Dyslexia
dys: difficulty with lexia: language
So basically dyslexia is a difficulty with language.
"dyslexia: a reading difficulty in a child or adult who otherwise has good intelligence, strong motivation and adequate schooling."
-Overcoming Dyslexia by Sally Shaywitz, M.D.
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
- International Dyslexia Association
Characteristics of Dyslexia
What Does Dyslexia Look Like?
Boys or Girls. Even though boys are more likely to be identified as dyslexic, research shows dyslexia affects boys and girls equally. The boys are more likely to show their frustration in physical ways that get them noticed, whereas girls may sit quietly while their problems go unnoticed.
Self Conscious Kids with dyslexia are self-conscious about their difficulties. They may be terrified when asked to come to the board or read aloud. They are understandably frustrated and may suffer from low self esteem. Younger kids will protest or even hide when it’s reading time.
Smart and original. Kids with dyslexia are often strong conceptual thinkers. They’re big-picture people with outside-the-box ideas. They learn best through meaning rather than memorization. They excel in areas that are not dependent on reading, such as math and the arts. They do well in highly specialized careers such as law, medicine and architecture.
http://www.interdys.org/index.htm The International Dyslexia Organization
http://www.dyslexia.yale.edu/HaveDyslexia.html The Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity